Protect Yourself during Flood Conditions
Peterborough Public Health advise residents who are experiencing flooding to take precautions to protect their health. Floodwaters can have negative impacts on private drinking water supplies, private sewage disposal systems and food safety.
Drinking Water Precautions for Private Well Owners
Floodwaters contain bacteria that can be harmful to human health. Dug and drilled wells that are surrounded by flood water are at risk of becoming contaminated with these harmful bacteria; if drinking water is supplied from private wells, it should be considered unsafe for human consumption. As a precaution, residents relying on water from private wells that have been flooded may wish to use an alternate source of potable water (i.e. bottled water) for drinking, making infant formula, cooking, washing produce, brushing teeth, etc. Water from flooded wells can be treated and made safe for consumption by rapidly boiling the water for at least one minute or by adding two drops of household bleach per one liter of water, stirring and allowing the water to sit for 30 minutes before use. Once flood conditions have ceased and floodwaters recede, homeowners should sample their well and submit their samples to public health for testing to ensure that the water is free of harmful bacteria before use of the drinking water resumes.
If a septic system becomes flooded, there is the risk of sewage backup into your home. To protect your sewage system and prevent sewage backup during flood conditions, take the following precautions:
- DO NOT pump your septic tank as this may result in the tank shifting due to high water conditions.
- Limit the use of water in your home in order to relieve pressure on the septic system.
- Ensure that eaves trough runoff is directed away from the area of your septic system.
- Keep children and pets away from ponding sewage in a flooded septic area.
Residents should also be aware that food which has come in contact with floodwater is likely contaminated and must be thrown out. Canned food can be saved if the cans are washed with soap and water then sanitized by immersing the can in a mild bleach and water solution for two minutes (1 tsp household bleach per 3 cups of water). If there is a power outage associated with the flood, dispose of foods that have been above 4°C (40°F) for more than two hours, including fish, poultry, meats, eggs, dairy products and prepared foods like soups, stews and casseroles. Depending on the length of time power has been off, some foods may be safe to keep:
- A full upright or chest freezer will keep food frozen for about two days; a half-full freezer will keep food frozen for about one day. Keep the door closed as much as possible.
- A refrigerator will keep food cold for four to six hours; adding ice to the refrigerator may help food stay cool longer. Keep the door closed as much as possible.
For more information on dealing with various issues related to flooding conditions or for guidance on cleaning up after a flood, search this website or call Inspection Services at 705-743-1000 to speak with a Public Health Inspector.
How to Stay Safe After a House Flood
Indoor Air Quality and Mould Concerns Are Your Top Priority
With the increased risk of local flooding in the area, Peterborough Public Health is offering the following cleanup tips to ensure you and your family stay safe and healthy following a house flood.
“Immediate action is important. Your house and furnishings are less likely to grow mould if they are dried within 48 hours,” said Wanda Tonus, Public Health Inspector. “You should clean up any mould that may be present to make sure your indoor air quality stays safe. However before you get started it is most important to ensure that you stay safe.”
Immediately after a flood:
- Avoid electrical shock
- Wear rubber boots at all times while standing in water
- Keep extension cords out of the water
- Shut the power off to the flooded area at the breaker box
- Ask your local electrical utility for help if needed
- Prevent carbon monoxide poisoning
- Make sure you have a working carbon monoxide detector
- Do not use combustion equipment designed for outdoor use inside your home
If the flood involves sewage-contaminated water from a sewer backflow or other source you must take special precautions. There is a very real and significant danger of infection from breathing the air in an area contaminated by sewage and from handling water and materials contaminated by sewage. Children, pregnant women and people with respiratory problems should never handle water and materials contaminated by sewage. Household items that have been contaminated by sewage, or that have been wet for a long time, may have to be bagged, tagged and discarded according to local regulations. Contact Public Health if you suspect sewage contamination. A more thorough disinfection procedure will be needed, as well as greater precaution to avoid exposure of family members and pets.
A new fact sheet from Health Canada entitled “Flood Cleanup: Keep in Mind Indoor Air Quality” provides a step-by-step action plan to:
- prepare for the cleanup
- remove water, mud and other debris
- dispose of contaminated household goods
- clean and dry out your house and salvageable possessions.
To address ongoing dampness at home and indoor air quality concerns, Health Canada has also created another fact sheet entitled “Addressing Moisture and Mould in Your Home”.
Both fact sheets are available in the air quality section of this website.