May 21,

Safety Tips

Safety Tips

While physical activity has many health benefits and active people have been found to be more likely to avoid injury, accidents or poor exercise habits can lead to injuries or other adverse effects. These include injuries to bones, joints and muscles as well as dehydration.

Physical activity is safe for almost everyone, and the associated health benefits far outweigh the risks. However, there are some key steps that individuals can take to reduce their risk of injury and adverse events.

Key Guidelines for Safe Physical Activity:

To do physical activity safely and reduce risk of injuries and other adverse events, people should:

  • Understand the risks and yet be confident that physical activity is safe for almost everyone.
  • Choose to do types of physical activity that are appropriate for their current fitness level and health goals, because some activities are safer than others.
  • Increase physical activity gradually over time whenever more activity is necessary to meet guidelines or health goals. Inactive people should “start low and go slow” by gradually increasing how often and how long activities are done.
  • Protect yourself by using appropriate gear and sports equipment, looking for safe environments, following rules and policies, and making sensible choices about when, where, and how to be active.
  • Consult with your health-care provider if you have chronic conditions or symptoms.


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,

Last modified on Jan 28, 2015